Friday, October 20, 2017

Interior Angle of a Pentagon is?

What is a five-sided polygon with equal sides called?
A regular pentagon.

But here’s the real magic… each interior angle of a regular pentagon is 108 degrees!

Excerpt from Book The Krishna Key (Chapter 61)


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Tuesday, October 17, 2017

The week days - Notes from Book "The Scientific Dating of the Ramayana and the Vedas"

The Week Days

The concept of seven days of the week has not been imported from western countries to India. That concept is there even in RigVeda. In Taittiriya Samhita 7-4-7 a Yajna of 49 nights is mentioned. That 49 nights Yajna was performed by sage Vasishta to defeat Sudasa. It is said that a man performing 49 nights yajna gets Viraja. 49 nights fit in multiple of seven only. It does not fit in any other system say of Masa, Paksa, Nakshatra cycle etc. Therfore it is confirmed that in vedic era, a unit of seven days was in use.

Taittiriya Samhita 5-6-7 states that one should be consecreted for six days (sadaha) because there are six Ritus in a Samvassara. Further at 7-5-6 it states that after six days rites they leave out one day (as holiday?), this way they achieved one Masa.

Six Ritus (season) Vasanta, Grishma, Varsha, Sarad, Hemanta and Sisira are seen only in India, not in Europe or Western countries. Therefore I can say that the week day system arose in India out of Yajna custom.

The week day system has probably some relation to Naksatra cycle too. In ancient India days were named or counted after Nakshatras. The moon resides in one Nakshatra for one day. Next day it goes to next Nakshatra. The moon moves on the path composed of 28 Nakshatras. Therefore four cycles of seven days composed a Nakshatra-Masa which was used by ancient Indians.

Pages 54-69

Rohini sakata Bheda
More to read on this topic:
http://www.tifr.res.in/~archaeo/papers/Astronomy%20and%20Sanskrit%20literature/rohini%20shakat%20bheda.pdf
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Monday, October 16, 2017

Notes from Book "The Scientific Dating of the Ramayana and the Vedas"

By Astronomical calculations the exact Birth date of Rama as 4th December 7323 years B.C. I also proved that Rama was to be coronated on 29th November 7306 B.C, but unfortunately he had to depart to the forest on the same day. I had proved that it was Thursday as is said by Seetha and recorded by Valmiki in his famous Ramayana. I have proved that he had completed 17 years of age then. All these points are fully considered in my next article titled as 'The Exact Birth Date of Rama - 4th December 7323 B.C'

--Seethas Stay in Ramas house after marriage
Seetha was in Ramas house for 'Dwadasa Masa'. Aparently it is taken as twelve months but that is a mistake. If Seetha lived in Rama's house for 12 months and left house in Chaitra, she should have been married in Chaitra. But we have seen that she married in Bhadrapada on Shudha Tritiya Day. So we have to fix the exact period of her stay in Rama's house after wedding.

Date of exile of Seetha in forest is fixed as 29th November 7306 B.C. One year was definitely completed. So the date of wedding must be prior to 29th November 7307 B.C, in Bhadrapada. Let us go systematically on Astronomical basis.

19th Nov 7306 B.C, was Phalguna Amavasya which took place at 345 degree. Every year the Amavasya comes 10.883 days earlier and 10.883 degrees earlier. Hence on 29th Nov 7307 B.C, there was Phalguna Amavasya on 355 degrees. From this point if we plot backwards we find that 4th April 7307 B.C was Amavasya. This Amavasya took place at 119 degree or in Aslesa Nakshatra. Hence 4th April 7307 B.C was Sravana Amavasya with Aslesha Naksatra.

More on Page 54
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Tuesday, October 10, 2017

Notes from Book "The Scientific Dating of the Ramayana and the Vedas"

The solar year consists of 365.25 63773 days while the Lunar year consists of 354.367 days. So 10.889 days are deficient. Therefore the seasons slide back on Lunar months. This discrepancy is corrected by taking one Adhimasa in every third year.

This method corrected the discrepancy for a few centuries but when the Sun precesses, the seasons get totally changed as far as the Lunar months are concerned.

Thus Chaitra Masa was consistant with Madhu Masa about a thousand years ago as told by Sayana in his commentary on Taittiriya Samhita but at present Chaitra Masa does not coincide with Madhu Masa. Now-a-days Phalguna Lunar Masa coincides with Madhu Masa.
---
Valmiki writes that Ravana had imprisoned Seeta just like Mars imprisons Rohini. This simile is very appropriate because the constellation of Rohini (Aldebaran) is V-shaped and it appears like a gate. If Mars comes between the two limbs of V, it appears that Marks is standing like a guard at the gate. This must have been the position of Mars and Rohini while Ramayana was written. Astronomical calculations show that this might have happened between 6000-8000 years B.C, and never after that time till today.
---
Valmiki writes that irate Ravana rushed towards Seeta just like Mars rushed towards Rohini. It is possible that in those ancient days around 9000 years ago, such a phenomenon was visible in the sky. Mars being a planet moves fast and if observed daily its movement towards Rohini can be seen easily. As Valmiki has used this simile, he must have seen this movement.
---
When Maruti first saw Seeta in Lanka, Valmiki states that poor Seeta appeared just like Rohini harassed by Mars.
---
Graha laghava and Brhat Samhita state that if Rohini gets bisected by Saturn or Mars it indicates the end of a Yuga. Saturn had bisected Rohini at 5294 years B.C or before that for many centuries (Last S.B.Dixit - History of Indian Astronomy)

At that time there was end of Dwapara Yuga. Prior to this was Treta Yuga which ended with bisection of Rohini by Mars. Dwapara Yuga is of 2400 years. So division of Rohini by Mars must have taken place 5294+2400=7694 years B.C. This might be the year of Rama-Ravana war and/or writing of Ramayana.
---
Unlike foreign cultures who assign dynasty of kings to sons, in India we used to add the name to the dynasty only if a person ascends to the throne. For example, Sagars the 40th king in Iksvaku dynasty did not give his throne to his son Asamanja but coronated his grand son Ansumana.
---
Janaka Dynasty - According to puranas Nimi was the first king and Krti the 59th king of Janaka Dynasty. Krti lived during Yajnavalkya who wrote Satapatha Brahmana. "Krittikas do not deflect from the east" is a statement in Satapatha by which late Mr.S.B.Dixit has proved its period to be 3000 years B.C. So Krti was at 3000 B.C. Seeradhvaja the father of Seeta, is the 10th while Krti is 59th in the list.
---
Evolution: Valmiki states in Sundara Kanda (35) that Rama had four Molar teeth in each jaw. Dental science accepts that due to evolution the jaws of human beings are becoming smaller and the number is reducing from three to two. So the evidence suggests that Rama would have existed 10000 years ago?

Pages : 32-53
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Tuesday, September 26, 2017

Dialogue with His Holiness Mannargudi Sri Chendalankara Sampath Kumara Jeeyar - My Notes

Read this article today from hindupost.in. There are profound insights one can learn from this dialogue. I am summarizing first what the dialogue is about.

The Jeeyar is in charge of Mannarkudi Sri Vaishnava Madam. This interview by Hindupost Staff was done while the Jeeyar was in Chennai to flag off the Yatra of ceremonial umbrellas from Chennai to Tirumala Tirupathi (From Chenna Kesava Perumal Temple, Sowcarpet, Chennai)

Question 1: History of Mannargudi Jeer Peedam
Ans by Jeer: The Matham was established by Manavala Mamunigal, one of the Acharyas after Ramanuja. Thus the Matham is 600 years old. Even today there are places Mannargudi called Jeeyar Thoppu, the term which refers to a special theertham reserved for Jeer at Mannargudi temple.

Question 2: The seat was left vacant, due to?
Ans: For the last 120 years or so, due to mismanagement and local politics lot of kainkaryam were discontinued.

Question 3: What is the role of Jeeyar?
Ans: A sanyasi even though he leaves behind everything, does not mean he stops performing anushtanas. Only thing he has to stick to rules of "bhojya-abhojya". A sanyasis primary job is to teach Dharma, and is more important to send householder to temple than he himself visiting the temple.

A trivial example is also quoted:

Once a householder had a pet cat that would drink up the milk kept for naivedyam. Hence he got into the habit of tying up the cat whenever puja had to be performed. After 2 generations, things had got to such a state that the householder's grandson would search for a cat to tie up every time they performed the puja at home! Such is the application of achara and niyama (blindly) now.

Question 4: How do you view conversion of Dalits?
Ans: I object to use of word Dalit. I maintain the word "Tirukulathor" coined by Sri Ramanujar or "Harijan" word coined by Mahatma Gandhi (which is translated from Tirukulathor). There is no Dalit, whoever has Sriman Narayana in his heart is worthy of all respect.

Conversion by force is completely wrong. There are 3 ways to deal with this:

1. Talk to individual person and explain his/her decision is a mistake, but this is temporary.
2. Providing financial and emotional support to vulnerable people is another effective solution, but it takes time.
3. Closing the source for funding conversions is another medicine which can take longer to cure the disease.

We must remember the saying "danDam dashaguNam bhavet"

Question 5: Is there any shastraic procedure to bring people back to Hinduism?
Ans: A persons affirmation of faith in Hinduism is enough. If required we can perform a Homa/Puja for their emotional satisfaction. Remember that our Dharma Shastra is called "Manava Dharma Shastra", that is, it applies to all human beings.

Question 6: What are your thoughts on Gau-samrakshan?
Ans: In Tamil I say "Nattu mattai kaattu, naattai kaapom". Save the indigenous cows, save the nation. The native gau is Kamadhenu, since it gives all "Ayuh, Arogya, Aishwaryam". The cows backside is worshipped (As Lakshmi) as its the source of milk, dung and urine.

Gau mutra is widely known for Ayurvedic medicine with curative effect, research is being conducted to validate claims that it can cure cancer. A single cow gives enough fertilizer for several acres of land. We have noticed people living near to cow sheds, are getting relief from asthma and skin allergies.

All of what i say above is only for Bos indicus breeds. 

Question 7: How to preserve native breeds?
Ans: Every rural family should get an own native cow, and urban people use the products of the cow. There should be a common place for collecting produce, and its important for people to buy from goshalas. 

Question 8: What is your view about Varnashrama?
Ans: Anushtanams are there for "deha-shudhi, atma-shudhi and adhikara to perform kainkarya". Thus it were not made for a varnam but for tasks. Being an archaka does not mean you have to go to temple and perform a puja yourself. Saying the names of Lord in your home is archana itself. At the end of day, karma is what determines varna.

Question 9: What is your advice for middle class householders?
Ans: When you take food to cook at home, pretend you are cooking for one more person. Keep aside that much grain, dal. At the end of the month, you can actually feed 30 people! Take the accumulated grain and cook extra food and distribute it regularly.

Buy books for 1 underprivileged kid in your nearby school. If 50 of you can join hands, you can sponsor books for 1 class. Buy pen, refills etc. This will take a small burden off some poor people you know.

Do simple things without expecting somebody to come and organize for you.

---
I chose to record these notes, because of the profound implications on me. I have even highlighted what is most important learning for me. Hope to translate some of them into action within due course of time.

Also need to know more about the Jeeyar himself, as there are hardly any resources/websites on internet.

The notes here inscribed are for my personal learning only, and not intended to infringe the copyright of the article published in hindupost. Thanks for understanding. 
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Tuesday, August 1, 2017

The start of fall of Hinduism?

Hinduism is the oldest surviving religion. But there are forces at play which are contesting to break it. This article is intended to create an awareness among general public about this.

Indologists

There exists a breed of people who call them Indologists. Those who study India, it's religion, culture, languages, art etc. are called Indologists. The subject is called Indology.
It will be interesting to know that being an academic subject, Indology is not taught in any universities in India. It was British who started this branch of study, but now Americans pioneer it. Unlike China where China studies are controlled by China, Americans control India studies.
Max Muller who translated Rig Veda was quoted saying:
“The translation of the Veda will hereafter tell a great extent on the fate of India, and on the growth of millions of souls in that country. It is the root of their religion, and to show them what the root is, I feel sure, it is the only way of uprooting all that has sprung from it during the last 3,000 years.”
This clearly stated the purpose, to uproot our belief system. He wanted to conquer Indians by education based on western ideas. He considered Hinduism doomed, and Christianity has to help revive the situation. Though in his late years, softened his stand on India and the values taught by its classics, the damage wheel has already started to spin.
Britishers one after the other started to formulate theories to break our belief system. The prominent ones being:
    Aryan Invasion Theory - Though proved wrong, our schools are still teaching to our next generation. Not even our adults know that this is just a theory and have no proofs attached to it.
    Caste system - Many staunchly believe that Hindus started the caste system as prevalent today. But its British who gave shape to this based on their class system. This does not mean our society was impartial to groups of societies. But with British giving the name caste (which in Spanish means breed or race) to our varna (means choice) based society. (Read more about by searching for “Social structure of the United Kingdom”. While the British used this as a tool to divide the population and cause revolts between them, after Independence they are merely used as vote-bank.
     The Language divide - Tamil-Sanskrit is a classic example of what the British Indologists can do. From times immemorial Indians were bilingual. There was a “local” language as well as a “national” language. The British who were not able to understand the bilingual concept, suggested that Sanskrit was a foreign language brought by Aryans and Tamil was the local language. The Aryans using the language suppressed the locals and dominated them. This was their theory, which is taught in all textbooks across the country. Even though the Aryan Invasion theory is dead now the language divide exists even stronger. Thanks to the Dravidian movement which promoted nothing but Tamil, and removal of Sanskrit words from Tamil. We have to remind ourselves that Sanskrit was playing the role of father, Tamil was playing the role of mother in the region. One need not waste their times in proving one language’s prominence over the other.
These are only some of the examples what British Indologists have achieved. But with the advent of American Indologists, things have become complicated.

Modern Indologists

The British can be forgiven for their mistakes, but not the Americans. They have succeeded in captivating our minds. They are so keen on destroying our culture, most even don’t know of their existence. Many of such Indologists are not foreigners, but Indians. Infosys founder Narayana Murthy and people like them are unknowingly supporting these people by offering them grants. This will come as a shock to most of us.
    How many of us are aware that Sringeri Sharada Peeta was nearly hijacked by these people?
    How many of us are aware that Kalakshetra is already hijacked by them?
    How many of us are aware that we Hindus have started to advocate for them?
One needs to have a basic familiarity of some people who have pioneered this movement. Wendy Doniger, Sheldon Pollock are just some names.
Wendy Doniger - An American Indologist, born in 1940. Her major work includes “Asceticism and Eroticism in the Mythology of Siva” which has led to the west reduce divineness of Shiva. Most academicians refer to Shiva worship as mere phallus worship. In another book “Kali’s Child” by Jeffrey Kripal (advised by Wendy) banishes goddess Kali and Sri Ramakrishna. This book won the Best First Book of History of Religions Prize in 1995.
Devdutt Pattanaik - He comes in educational lineage of Wendy Doniger. His books are a sensation among Hindus. He refers himself as Mythologist. He is now seriously trying to build a different image for himself. His books if carefully observed are misleading Hindu youth towards the goal of Indologists.
Sheldon Pollock - The most dangerous man yet. He is a Sanskrit scholar from Columbia University. Sheldon Pollock loves Sanskrit, does not want to believe in what the real authors meant. For example, he does not consider what Valmiki meant in Ramayana, but he suggests a political angle to Ramayana and other Sanskrit works.
His work Ramayana and Political Imagination in India (1993), written in backdrop of Babri Masjid demolition states that the then rulers promoted Mughals as demon-king Ravana and using Ramayana they called for people to fight against them. He argues that Ramayana was written for creating hatred. He claims that with divine powers, Rama was substituted with the then rulers to create a more powerful kingdom. Unfortunately, the top brass of BJP and VHP leaders have fallen for it.
In 2001, his other work “The Death of Sanskrit” came out. In this book, he argues that Sanskrit is a dead language. But the deeper influences of Pollock were on Sringeri Vidya Bharati Foundation, US. Through this extension of Sringeri Peet, Pollock had intended to create an academic chair in Columbia University “blessed” by Sringeri Acharya. This would have meant outsourcing Shankaracharya’s teachings to Columbia University.
Sheldon Pollock but has succeeded in getting grants from India’s rich elite. Infosys founder Narayana Murthy’s son who is heading Murthy Classical Library has chosen him as the editor of his ambitious plan to translate 500 volume of Indian texts to English.
Secularists - On one-side it is the academicians who are controlling what we learn, and on the other hand it is the leftists who call themselves seculars. They are demanding removal of religious materials from Government sponsored events. The recent example of this is from Kerala when the Minister of Health and Social Welfare of Kerala demanded objection and removal of Sanskrit prayer during International Yoga Day. These secular forces are only targeting Hinduism and its practices, if one observes carefully.

Digestion of Hinduism

Rajiv Malhotra coined this word Digestion. He uses the term to explain how predatory animals attack their prey and then digest it, throwing away useless parts of the prey. This is what Christians have done to all the pagan and Hindu religions over centuries. Easter for example was a pagan celebration embraced by Christianity. Likewise, our festivals such as Deepavali, Vishu etc may become part of Christianity. Already there are evidences where “Jesus Sahasranama” and things like that have started to pop.
These trends suggest that Hinduism is going through a rough time. Unless Hindus understand there is a collective effort in tarnishing them, there can’t be any revival forces start to shape.

Moving forward

There are some action items which we can plan.
Identify - As public who wants to protect our value-based culture system, we must first understand our real opponents. It is difficult because not all of them are foreigners. There are some foreigners who really love our culture as it is. Only a deeper study of people will reveal whether they are proponent or opponent.
Help - If you know some Indian scholars, help them understand the real opponents so that they won’t get sold out. This prevents brain drain. We should start promoting our culture values and donate to the cause of reviving it. Every village needs to have an education system attached to the temples which will help sharing the knowledge and bring unity for the cause.
Research - If you like to read, do a lot of research in this subject. More firsthand research is required in unearthing what our culture was before the British arrived.
Learn Sanskrit - The traditional approach of learning Sanskrit for marks is not good enough. Samskritha Bharathi has an excellent spoken course on Sanskrit. One must start to converse in Sanskrit inside our homes. This will keep the momentum going and one day we will learn the language. At the minimum one should try understanding the meaning of an Ashtakam. Do not use words like Soul, instead use atma. Also make yourself learn that soul and atma are two different things. Do not use terms such as RIP (Rest in Peace) when passing condolence messages. Instead use a term which you would have said in real words, like “May he attain parama padam”, “Let him live in vaikunta forever” etc.
Sanskrit Vs English words (Atma Vs Soul) - As author Rajiv Malhotra states “aatma in Indian thought is not the same as soul in western thought. As per western thought soul don’t exist in animals, soul don’t exist in plants, soul doesn’t have re-incarnation. So, if you replace the word aatma with soul actually it’s a distortion.” He also calls for people to start identifying Sanskrit words which does not have English equivalent words. He then suggests using the Sanskrit terms in daily conversations.
Start collaborating - Being a scholar in ideal terms is a big deal. If you can dream of it, achieve it. Start collaborating with likeminded people and develop a network of fighters.

Further read

The base of all modern education, started from Britain. The British learned Sanskrit and then exported all our texts. I would advise them to read a set of 5 books compiled by Dharampal (who had painstakingly written and typed the manuscripts from British libraries). These books are freely available to download from Internet. The books are:
    Vol 1: Indian Science and Technology in the Eighteenth Century.
    Vol 2: Civil Disobedience in the Indian Tradition.
    Vol 3: The Beautiful Tree Indigenous Indian Education in the Eighteenth Century.
    Vol 4: Panchayat Raj and India's polity.
    Vol 5: Essays on Tradition, Recovery and Freedom
Also books by Rajiv Malhotra gives us a fair bit of understanding. Based on his 20 years of first hand research he has unearthed these giants at play.

May the beautiful tree called Hinduism thrive, not in numbers but in spirit. We must not just thrive but revive ourselves. We should not be blind followers, but a sound reasoning based society. May god help us in achieving this.


As published in Thirunellai Gramam Kumbhabhishekam Souveneir 2017
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Sunday, July 30, 2017

Book review - In the name of God

By Ravi Subramanian

A well thought book, but completed in hurry. A New genre I think, which making fiction out of news events. I think this is the best way to summarize the book.

While reading it till end of part 2 (of 3), it was nail biting. I couldn't keep the book down till that point. But after that the expectations suddenly collapsed and a less impressive climax followed.

The author has managed to piece together various news headlines and as a jigsaw puzzle he fitted it very well in this book. But the main plot where the story unwinds transforms into a mere sub-plot.

Linking events like Dubai mall heist, opening of temple vaults of Sree Padmanabhaswamy, Mumbai blasts, returning of Lord Nataraja by Australia to PM Modi, etc makes up sub plot of the fiction. The main plot is only revealed in climax, but still unclear.

Efforts to tarnish the image of padmanabhadasa doesn't go unnoticed. Not sure how much research was done to make this claim. I don't think any Malayali would buy this.

Rajan, who is incidental in arranging the opening of temple vaults (and the story) hides away to oblivion. The unparalleled unison in the enquiry team is nothing short of fantasy. Where else can a Tamil Nadu DIG, Additional director CBI, and Kerala DGP jointly enquire a case?

Now to say about the climax itself. Totally hollow and looks like the author wanted a forced thrilling end.  

In nutshell a good thriller for 2/3rd of the book and a lame climax. Worth reading once.

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Thursday, July 27, 2017

High tide and Tithi

We can find out the time of high tide from Tithi: but not from the date according to modern calendar. He is how one can find the Tithi:

Calculate 3/4th of Tithi and add to it three times of Tithi as minutes.

For ex:- take Tithi 12. The 3/4th of Tithi is 9. Three times the Tithi is 3x12=36 minutes.

So at 9.36, we will witness high side of the sea, in the morning as well as in the nigh.

If the Tithi is Pournima or 15, its 3/4th is 45/4=11-15 minutes. Add 15x3=45 minutes to 11.15. This comes to 12. Therefore at 12 noon and 12 midnight there will be high tide.

The date in any modern calendar cannot give this information, which will be blessing for a layman or sailor.

Dr.P.V.Vartak MBBS
(Veda Vidnyana Mandala)
521 Shaniwar Peth,
Pune 411030
Maharashtra

Publisher of Books such as:
a. The Scientific Dating of the Mahabharata War
b. The Scientific Dating of the Ramayana and the Vedas etc

The above are excerpts taken from the book "The Scientific Dating of the Ramayana and the Vedas"
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Book Review - Warjuna Book 1 Mrithasu rising

Dont get carried away by seeing the name Arjuna in the title, this book is not other average puranic story converted to fiction. It has a fresh perspective, but with some familiar character names like Kanha, Arjuna, Draupadi etc. Thats the summary.

Unlike Amish's, Anand Neelakantan's book on the subject which are just fiction mapping of puranic events, this book talks about a parallel universe in which stories unwind. Its not Pandavas, Kauravas etc which we are familiar with.

Arjuna is a perfect protector looming in the shades of Mahayogi Kanha. He knows what is best in the situation and others are always in awe for his suggestions. Being the lead character, he just speaks and acts but after reading he kind of fades away. The strength of character is not yet visible in him.

I liked the depiction of Kanha as Mahayogi which is very welcome change after reading the books by the other authors mentioned above. Kanha is an enlightened being who is trying to group forces to save Bharata from looming danger. The way in which Kanha travels to other realms of world is beautiful, almost a fantasy.

The antagonist forces fail to impress mostly because their leader is still hiding behind the grand stage. Nothing much is revealed, but it is an intentional plot by the author. The title itself says the name of antagonist "Mrithasu rising". Hoping to see more of the antagonist in future releases.

Other character names hardly register in my mind. The names are so peculiar that I had to struggle keep remembering characters introduced every now and then.

I believe author has the right reasons for using the names from the mahapurana Mahabharatha. But this book 1 doesn't reveal the reason, which was not what one would have expected.

Also happy by seeing the profile of the author, he is not referring him as a Mythologist; which according to me a deregatory term. Mahabharatha, Ramayana etc are Puranas and not Myths. Its high time people understand it.

Overall, its a good book with some familiar names but not the familiar story.

Disclaimer: I was offered the book by author himself on exchange of a fair review. Thanking him for that, and it was worth my time.
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Tuesday, July 11, 2017

Ritu/Seasons in Indian Calendar System

We learned that there are four seasons viz., Winter, Spring, Summer, Autumn. But hardly anyone would have recognized that is not what we have in India. The four season is what is experienced in Britain, not in India.

Indians use Ritu word for season. And there are 6 Ritus in a year.
Sishira  - Mid Dec. to Mid Feb. (Winter)
Vasantha - Mid Feb. to Mid April (Spring)
Grishma  - Mid April to Mid June (Summer)
Varsha   - Mid June to Mid Aug (Monsoon)
Sarath   - Mid Aug to Mid Oct (Early Autumn)
Hemantha - Mid Oct to Mid Dec (Late Autumn/Fall)

Let us start using these names so that our children are familiar with it unlike some of us. This practice of teaching small things which we used to know rather than digesting what Westerners spat out will help us regain our identity and move away from our inferiority complex.
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Friday, July 7, 2017

Panchanga or Indian Calendar System

Indian Calendar System (Panchanga)

Age-old Indian calendar system can tell what day it is today just by looking at the sky. (Of course if its not overcast). Lets see how one can understand what day it is today:

One should know basics of Tithi, Nakshatra, lunar month can tell what day it is today.

The full moon indicates Pournima, half moon Astami, quarter moon indicates Chaturthi and so on. The star seen near the moon indicates the day's Nakshatra. The star which rises in the east while sun sets indicates the name of lunar month. A star near the full moon also gives the name of lunar month.

For ex:- If the full moon is near Chitra Nakshatra, its Chaitra Month.

If he looks at the rising Sun he can recognise whether it is Uttarayana/Dakshinayana. From the position of rising Sun on horizon one can recognize the Ritu (season) also. Thus Indian Calendar System is called Panchanga (five parts)

1. Tithi (Lunar day)
2. Nakshatra (Star)
3. Masa (Months)
4. Ritu (Seasons)
5. Ayana (Uttarayana/Dakshinayana)

Thus Indian Calendar System or Panchanga is really eternal and does not follow any person/figure for dating.

Dr.P.V.Vartak MBBS
(Veda Vidnyana Mandala)
521 Shaniwar Peth,
Pune 411030
Maharashtra

Publisher of Books such as:
a. The Scientific Dating of the Mahabharata War
b. The Scientific Dating of the Ramayana and the Vedas etc

The above are excerpts taken from the book "The Scientific Dating of the Ramayana and the Vedas"

This article is part of Book review of the same, mentioned above.
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